HUNGARİAN VETCH (VİCİA PANNONİCA) AND TRİTİCALE (XTRİTİCOSECALE WİTTMACK) SİLAGES, SOWED İN DİFFERENT SEED RATES, TREATED WİTH LACTİC ACİD BACTERİA + ENZYME MİXTURE INOCULANT: I. CHEMİCAL COMPOSİTİON AND SİLAGE FLEİG SCORE
N. Kılıçalp1*,M. Özkurt2, Y. Karadağ2 and H. Hızlı3
*1Department of Animal Science, Agricultural Faculty, Gaziosmanpaşa University, 60240 Taşlıçiftlik/Tokat, Turkey. 2Depertmant of Crop Science,Faculty of Applied Sciences, Muş Alparslan University Complex, 49250, Muş/Turkey.
3Agricultural Research Institute of East Mediterranean, Adana, Turkey.
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this study, the effects of LAB+Enzyme inoculant (Sil All4x4, Altec, UK) added to triticale (T) and hungarian vetch (HV) silages planted at different seed rates (HV, 75:25 HVT, 50:50 HVT, 25:75 HVT and T) on the chemical composition and some silage properties were investigated. The research was carried out Gaziosmanpaşa University Agricultural Application and Research Center during the 2015-2016 vegetation period. Field experiment was designed as randomized block design with 3 replicates. The species and mixtures were harvested during the flowering period of the triticale. The crude protein concentration of experimental groups were 13.60%, 7.09%, 7.36%, 8.54% and 9.59% respectively. Besides, Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) + enzyme reduced crude protein and pH levels in silages. However, silage pH did not change among the experimental groups. But LAB+E application significantly reduced the pH level of silage(P<0.001). The addition of LAB+Enzym to pure and mixed silages reduced pH, organic matter, crude protein, but increased NDF, crude ash and Fleig score. Also, the highest NEL value was obtained from 25HV+75T group. As a result, microbial and enzym silage additives have positive effects on the fermentation properties of silage As a result; by sowing hungarian vetch and triticale in a mixture; In terms of silage properties; gave better results than pure cultivation
Key words: Chemical composition, Hungarian vetch, triticale, LAB+Enzyme mixture, silage