LONG TERM ADMINISTRATION OF EXOGENOUS OXYTOCIN: EFFECTS ON PREGNANCY RATE, AND EMBRYONIC AND FETAL LOSSES IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES
S. Murtaza1, A. Sattar1*, N. Ahmad1, M. Ijaz2, T. Omer3, M. Akhtar4 and M. Shahzad5
1Department of Theriogenology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS), Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, UVAS, Lahore, Pakistan
3Department of Statistics and Computer Sciences, UVAS, Lahore, Pakistan
4Buffalo Research Institute Pattoki, District Kasur, Pakistan
5Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper was presented in International Buffalo Congress 2019, February 18-20, Lahore, Pakistan
It is a common perception among dairy farmers in Pakistan that oxytocin (OT) injection negatively effects on buffalo reproduction parameters. Therefore, current study was conducted to investigate the outcomes of OT on numbers of AI per conception, pregnancy rate, embryonic and fetal losses (EFL). For this purpose, Nili-Ravi buffaloes (n=23) were randomly divided into three groups, G1; n=7 (control), G2; n=8 (low dose 10 i.u.) and G3; n=8 (high dose 30 i.u.). The OT injection was given twice daily at morning and evening milking until 154 days post calving. At heat, AI was performed. Ultrasonography and blood sampling were done on days 30, 45 and 60 post AI to monitor pregnancy and progesterone, respectively. Results showed significant (P≤0.05) increase of AI services per conception in G2 & G3 as compared to G1. Furthermore, results revealed that chances of the animals to become pregnant were 0.227 and 0.094 times in low (G2) and high doses (G3) in comparison to control (G1), respectively, and was lower significantly (P≤0.05). Similarly, pregnancy rate was remained unaffected and was non-significant (P>0.05) on day 45 vs day 30. However, it was significantly (P≤0.05) lower on day 60 vs day 30. Overall, pregnancy rate was decreased (P≤0.05) in oxytocin treatments comparable to control. Parity and days in milk had no significant effect on pregnancy rate among treatments (G1, G2 and G3), respectively. Moreover, EFL losses were non-significant (P>0.05) among treatments but losses trend was more in G2 & G3 parallel to G1. Result also showed non-significant (P>0.05) decrease in P4 on days 30 and 45 while significant (P≤0.05) on day 60 in G2 & G3 as compared to G1 among treatment groups. It may be concluded that long term OT injections of both low and high doses cause significant losses in terms of increase in AI services per conception and decrease pregnancy rate with higher EFL in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.
Keywords: Oxytocin, pregnancy rate, EFL losses, Nili-Ravi buffalo.