EFFECT OF DIFFERENT ENERGY LEVELS OF DIET (RAW MATERIAL, POULTRY FEED AND PEARL MILLET) ON WEIGHT AND OTHER PARAMETERS OF BODY OF PIGEON (COLUMBA LIVIA DOMESTICUS)
R. Tabassum1,*, S. Hussain1, H. Kali1and S. Abbas1,2
1Department of Zoology, University of Karachi, 75270, Karachi-Pakistan
2WWF-Pakistan, Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan.
*Corresponding author’s email: firstname.lastname@example.org
An experiment was carried out to estimate the effect of different energy levels of diets on weight of body and other parameters of the body of pigeon (Columba livia domesticus). The three treatments pearl millet, raw material and poultry feed were used for different groups of pigeons. Total 108 male pigeons were used in all the experimental groups of which each experiment consists of three groups including two replicates and each group has 12 male pigeons with the range of 245 days. Current study showed that the percentage of weight gain of pigeon was highest with pearl millet than raw material and poultry feed. The pigeon-pearl millet experiment showed average weight of the body 261.42 ± 20.16, length of the body 32.08 ± 0.73, height of the body 11.73 ± 0.58, wing span 29.33 ± 1.09 and length of the foot 6.30 ± 0.51. The pigeon-pearl millet experiment increased the interaction and significance (p<0.05) from different parameter (N=105) of the body of pigeon. The pigeon-raw material experiment showed the average weight of the body 241.02 ± 25.09, length of the body 31.52 ± 0.78, height of the body 11.58 ± 0.46, wings span 29.50 ± 1.20 and length of the foot 6.67 ± 0.84. Similarly pigeon-poultry experiments showed average weight of the body 228.65 ± 25.24, length of the body 31.82 ± 0.98, height of the body 11.97 ± 0.64, wings span 28.90 ± 1.22 and length of the foot 6.32 ± 0.41. The result showed that the food preference and wastage of Pigeon for pearl millet was 41.3%, 58.7% respectively, similarly for raw materials and poultry feed was 84.65% and 91.1% whereas was 15.4% and 8.86% respectively. Based on the results it was concluded that pearl millet pronounced significant weight gain in pigeons by high nutritive value fulfilling the requirement of growth. Further detail study is highly recommended.
Key words: Pearl Millet, Raw materials, Poultry feed, Pigeons.