GENOTYPE BY ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION AND ASSOCIATION OF MORPHO-YIELD VARIABLES IN UPLAND COTTON
S. Gul*, N. U. Khan*, S. Batool*, M. J. Baloch**, M. Munir***, M. Sajid*, A. A. Khakwani****
S. H. Ghaloo**, Z. A. Soomro** and S. F. Kazmi*
*The University of Agriculture, Peshawar - Pakistan
**Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam - Pakistan
***Frontier Agriculture, SOYL Division, Recommendations Dept., Newbury - United Kingdom
****Department of Agronomy, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan - Pakistan
Corresponding author e-mail: email@example.com
Legacy of seed cotton yield and other quantitative traits is highly persuaded by environmental aspects, therefore, phenotypic response of a genotype is ascertained by genetic and environmental factors upon it, although occurrence of a third effect, of no less importance i.e. genotype-by-environment interaction (GEI). Studies were conducted in 2010 and 2011 evaluating G × E interactions and correlation in upland cotton using randomized complete block design at the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan. The GEI was characterized using eight upland cotton cultivars viz., SLH-284, CIM-446, CIM-473, CIM-496, CIM-499, CIM-506, CIM-544 and CIM-707. Significant (p≤0.01) mean squares for genotypes, environments and G × E interactions revealed genetic variability among cotton genotypes as well as environments inconsistency. The contribution to the total sums of squares, regardless of trait, revealed that genotypes and genotype × environment play principal role followed by environments, while replications (experimental error) share was minimal. The environment accounts for 61.86%, 26.99% and 18.64% of total variation for bolls plant-1, seed cotton yield and sympodia plant-1, respectively, considering the larger effects of environment in combination with genotypes on plant growth and morphology. Seed cotton yield has significant (p≤0.01) positive correlation with boll number, and positive with morphological traits. Based on two-year studies, CIM-496 exhibited the best performance followed by CIM-554 and SLH-284 for improvement in seed cotton and lint yields.
Keywords: G × E interactions, total sum of squares, traits association, seed cotton yield, Gossypium hirsutum L.