EVALUATION OF CARCASS TRAITS OF LAGUNAIRE, BORGOU AND ZEBU FULANI BULLS RAISED ON NATURAL PASTURE IN BENIN
C. F. A. Salifou, M. Dahouda*, G. S. Ahounou, S. K. Kassa, P. U. Tougan, S. Farougou, G. A. Mensah**, S. Salifou, A. Clinquart*** and A. K. I. Youssao
Department of Animal Production and Health, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, *Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomic Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, **Agricultural Research Center of Agonkanmey, National Institute of Agricultural Research of Benin, 01 BP 884, Cotonou 01, Republic of Benin.
***Department of Food Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Sart Tilman B43b, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com
In Benin, there is no assessment related to the body composition of native bovine breeds in spite of the requirements of butchers and consumers. This study aimed at evaluating Benin indigenous cattle carcass characteristics raised on pasture and slaughtered in the abattoir of Cotonou-Porto-Novo at 5 years old. Carcass characteristics, carcass conformation, carcass degree of fat cover and rib segment composition were collected on 40 Lagunaire, 71 Borgou and 110 Zebu Fulani bulls. The carcass traits of the Zebu bulls were significantly higher than those of the Borgou bulls (P<0.001) while the lowest performance was obtained in Lagunaire bulls (P<0.001). Heavier carcass, a higher dressing percentage and empty dressing percentage were recorded in bulls slaughtered in the rainy season than those in the dry season (P<0.05). Zebu Fulani carcasses were characterized by their higher dressing percentage, an important rib muscle thickness, a low fat cover and a weak carcass fat percentage while Borgou carcasses were characterized by a high carcass fat percentage and a good carcass conformation. However, Lagunaire carcasses were characterized by a low fat cover and a weak carcass fat percentage, a poor carcass conformation and a high proportion of bone.
Key words: Carcass, conformation, fat cover, season, breed, bull, Benin.