GROWTH AND YIELD RESPONSE OF TWO CULTIVARS OF MUNGBEAN (Vigna radiata L.) TO DIFFERENT POTASSIUM LEVELS
F. Hussain, A. U. Malik, M. A. Haji* and A. L. Malghani
Agronomic Research Station Karor (Layyah), Pakistan. *Directorate of Soil Conservation, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Potassium application is directly related to growth, plant biomass and yield in crops. While the deficiency of Potassium is in Pakistan is becoming nutritional limiting factor in most of areas. A study was carried out at experimental area of Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad during summer 2005. The objective was to find out the best level of potash fertilizer on growth and yield response of two mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) cultivars (Niab Mung-92 and Chakwal Mung-06) to different levels of potassium. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with factorial arrangements and replicated thrice. Treatments were comprised of five levels of potash fertilizer (0, 30, 60, 90,120 Kg ha-1). Different potassium levels significantly affected the seed yield and yield contributing parameters except number of plants per plot. Maximum seed yield (753 Kg ha-1) was obtained with the application of 90 Kg potash per hectare. Genotype M-06 produced higher seed yield than that of NM-92. The interactive effect of Mungbean varieties and Potassium level was found significant in parameter of protein contents (%). Maximum protein contents were observed in case of Mung-06 with application of 90 Kg potash per hectare. It is concluded that the application of Potash fertilizer gave higher yield of mungbean cultivars under agro-climatic conditions of Faisalabad.
Key words: Mungbean; Potash levels; Growth; Yield; Faisalabad.